Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Approaches to Management - 2224 Words

Management â€Å"Management is a set of activities directed at an organisation’s resources, with the aim of achieving organisational goals efficiently and effectively.†(Davidson, Simon, Gottschalk, Hunt, Wood amp; Griffin (2006) p.5). Management has been practiced for thousands of years by many different civilisations. As a result there are many different approaches to management, two of which are, the behavioural and contemporary management perspectives. The behavioural perspective recognises the importance of behavioural process in the workplace and emphasises individual attitudes and behaviours, and group processes. The Hawthorne studies are famously associated with this perspective and along with studies on technology and social systems†¦show more content†¦The human relation movement pioneered the evolution of management and lead to the development of Organisational behaviour. Organisational behaviour (OB) is the field of study concerned with human behaviour in organisations. The human relation movement forged many imperative concepts, however many of its assertions were seen as simplistic and although theoretically correct, failed to hold in real working environments. As a result OB was formed to supplement the assumptions made in the human relations movement. OB took a holistic view of behaviour and addresses individuals impact on the organisation as well as the organisation’s impact on the individual. An example of this is the movement’s assumption that â€Å"worker satisfaction leads to improved performance.† (Davidson, Simon, Gottschalk, Hunt, Wood amp; Griffin (2006) p.24). If anything OB suggest otherwise, that is improved productivity leads to satisfaction not the other way. The emergence of OB further established the importance of behavioural processes in the organisation and contributed to changing managerial thinking, by con structing employees as valuable inputs to their system. An organisational system consists of: inputs from the environment, transformational processes, outputs into the environment and a feedback loop(as illustrated below), all of which are interrelated and theShow MoreRelatedManagement Approaches1427 Words   |  6 PagesContemporary Theories of Management Contingency Theory Basically, contingency theory asserts that when managers make a decision, they must take into account all aspects of the current situation and act on those aspects that are key to the situation at hand. Basically, it’s the approach that â€Å"it depends.† For example, the continuing effort to identify the best leadership or management style might now conclude that the best style depends on the situation. If one is leading troops in the Persian GulfRead MoreThe Contemporary Approaches Of Management904 Words   |  4 PagesThe contemporary approaches to management began development in the mid-1900s with roots in the classical approaches to management. These methods are sociotechnical systems theory, quantitative management, organizational behavior, and systems theory (Bateman Snell, 2013, pp. 24-39). Each approach to management varies to some degree, with a focus on sociology and psychology, or math and science. Each one is affected by or has an effect on the environmen t around them. Over the century, improvementsRead MoreContemporary Approaches to Management611 Words   |  3 PagesContemporary Approaches to Management and their Environments The different approaches to management have been changed, fine tuned and discarded over the years. In the coming paragraphs we will take a look at the contemporary approaches. We will examine how they compare to each other as well as if they can be utilized in the three types of environments; internal, competitive and macro environment. The first approach to management would be the sociotechnical systems theory. Researchers believedRead MoreDIFFERENT APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT4510 Words   |  19 Pages DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT Management was influenced by various disciplines like sociology, economics, political science, anthropology, psychology, and even literature. Due to such multidisciplinary influences, even authors like Harold Koontz (1961) referred to management as a ‘jungle’. Even then, differences exist in the classification of approaches. Although one of the ways to classify management approaches is from the analysis of John G. Hutchinson (1971), which considersRead MoreApproaches to Organisation and Management19498 Words   |  78 Pages2 APPROACHES  TO  ORGANISATION  AND MANAGEMENT Organisational  behaviour  is  a  discursive  subject  and  much has  been  written  about  it.  The  study  of  organisations  and management  has  therefore  to  proceed  on  a  broad  front.  It  is the  comparative  study  of  the  different  approaches  that  will  yield benefits  to  the  manager.  The  study  of  organisations,  their  structure and  management  is  important  for  the  manager.  Identification  of major  trends  in  management  and  organisational  behaviour,  and the  work  of  leading  writersRead MoreDefinition Of Modern Management Approaches925 Words   |  4 PagesEssay#4: Modern Management Approaches The purpose of this essay is to present key insights into methods and approaches to describe modern management in organizations. An organization can be thought of as a system consisting of three parts: task, structure and people society. First modern management techniques are explored through the tasks or functions carried out by managers. Second they are realized through the structure of organization. Third there impacts on people and society are examinedRead MoreEffective Approaches in Leadership and Management1483 Words   |  6 PagesRunning head: LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT Effective Approaches in Leadership and Management Amber Norris Grand Canyon University: NRS-451 April 28, 2013 Effective Approaches in Leadership and Management Nurses are crucial in providing quality care in the health care industry. It is imperative to maintain the proper staffing ratio to ensure that nurses can maintain high quality care for their patients. Studies have shown that the increasing workloadRead MoreLeadership And Management Approaches For Nursing1228 Words   |  5 Pagesimpacting the functioning and success of healthcare organizations. However, leadership and management approaches to the issue can help to improve the nursing environment. Nursing leaders vs Managers The management and leadership are different things but some situations both overlap and sound similar. They focus on different areas and but they both are important in the process to accomplish the desired outcome. Management is defined as the coordination and integration of resources through planning, organizingRead MoreThe And Current Project Management Approaches1643 Words   |  7 Pagesdrawbacks of current projects management. LPDS is the method known as a excellent means that functions on saving resources, and minimuns the costs of projects. ‘Lean production ’ is named by a MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) research group for making the system firstly generated by the Toyota Motor Corporation more easily to accept in implementing projects (Mahsa, 2013). In this article, the comparisons between LPDS and current project management approaches provided in PMBOK will be brieflyRead MoreManagement Approaches and Organizational Perspective1729 Words   |  7 PagesManagement Approaches and Organizational Perspective Introduction: Management, in all business areas and human organizational activities, is the process of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. There are four major schools management thoughts, i.e., the four main management approaches, namely, classical management approach, behavior management approach, quantitative management approach and modern management approach. These four management approaches might be used in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Apa Style Of Writing Has Been In Existence For Over

The APA style of writing has been in existence for over 80 years and has been revised 6 times over that time period. APA has been recognized as a guide for many important disciplines beyond Psychology including business and education which indicates the standards credibility in the publishing community (Hunsley, 2010). The long tradition of the APA standard establishes the credibility and importance. It has evolved to keep up with modern research and technology. Using the same style as others in your profession allows for peer reviewers to read the article quicker and also have a reference go back to so they ensure data, tables and references are all documented correctly. The APA standard is helps researchers to distribute important†¦show more content†¦Having important standard for ethics a rigorous process to have an article published in a journal helps me to be a more confident researcher. Key style elements of APA make publishing easier and set important standards for all researchers (Hunsley, 2010, 219). â€Å"The Manual is used by more than 1,000 journals across a very wide range of disciplines and is part of the lives of enormous numbers of students in many countries around the world. Its advice is highly influential.† (Cumming, fiddler, Kalinowski and Lai) APA has an enormous effect on research and writing and maintains as a growing standard as more people like myself learn to use it. The impact APA has around the world on research and writing is astounding. The uniform style is clear and to the point so much so that people at all levels are able to learn it.. APA’s potential to help as a researcher Statistically the American Meteorological Society is a meaningful force when it comes to distributing new scientific facts throughout the community (American Meteorological Society, 2007). Maintaining high standards of publication through the use of APA standards is important to share new scientific research that can be trusted. Peer review allows experts in scientific areas to scrutinize articles to ensure that adequate standards are met (AMS, 2017). Although it can burden scientist with the time it takes to review an article it’s incredibly important because of the level ofShow MoreRelatedOrganization Change1542 Words   |  7 Pages HRM/310 McDonald’s Plans to Change U.S. Structure, by Bob Cramer Article Summary McDonald’s Corporation has been going through a series of underperformances over the past three years, mostly marred by unwarranted restaurant outlays and menu changes. This has resulted in a slump in its market share as customers walk away from the fast food giant, often mentioning dissatisfaction in their experiences at their outlets. The company’s management credits this to poor service delivery and the institutionRead MoreApa Style4201 Words   |  17 Pages[pic] [pic]APA style From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search |[pic] |This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedias quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. The talk page may | | |contain suggestions. (November 2010) | | | |Style guides Read MoreAn Analysis of the Writing Center2104 Words   |  9 PagesWriting Center Woes 1 Running Heading: AN ANALYSIS OF THE WRITING CENTER Writing Center Woes Lesley R Taylor Moore BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Ashford University Week 6 Dr. Charles Nichols October 3, 2011 Writing Center Woes 2 When writing for school projects whether for a presentation to just too simply fulfill a requirement for the class one must utilize all avenues and resources to ensure the paper is well written and executedRead MoreCase Study Of The Classroom3005 Words   |  13 Pagesfor an educational assessment. An engaging little boy, his parents report that he is behind in his school work and has been in trouble for disruptive behaviour in the classroom. The school had provided school reports and he is below average on maths problems and his assignments appeared rushed and poorly put together. Socially, Tyler has friends but frequently has fights with them over trivial matters. Sometimes they tease him calling him a baby because of the way he reacts in social situations sometimesRead MoreDefining Oppositional Defiant Disorder Essay examples2415 Words   |  10 PagesIntroduction My rationale for writing this paper is to know what oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is and its effect on age, gender, and concurring behaviors (comorbidity) like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD). How these conditions are affected in getting the proper diagnosis and treatment for ODD. Loeber, Burke, and Pardini reported in clinical groups among children, ODD is listed as one of the most commonly known behavioral disorders (as cited in KazdinRead Moreproject topic proposal15745 Words   |  63 Pagesreproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright Portions of this handbook have been have been adapted, with permission, from the Applied Research Project Proposal (1991) of Geneva College, Beaver Falls, PA. TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF STEPS 4 THE MIND AND ATTITUDE OF THE RESEARCHER 8 Read MoreHsa 530 Week 4 Hsa530 Week 43978 Words   |  16 Pagesprovide an example of how the Joint Commission has influenced a specific function of HR in a healthcare organization. * Recommend a specific employee training method that you think would be most effective for a healthcare organization, and determine one advantage and one disadvantage of your chosen training method. Provide support for your rationale. HSA 530 Week 3 Quiz 1 Question 1 The Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Act (1973) took precedence over all state regulations that presented any barriersRead MoreEthics at the Beginning of Life: Prenatal Genetic Testing3950 Words   |  16 Pages13, 2012 Prenatal Genetic Testing Prenatal testing and genetic testing developed hand in hand. Many genes, the basic unit of heredity, are now known through the human genome project (Pence, 2011, pp. 273-274). Genetic testing can identify the existence of genes that carry potentially life impacting and threatening conditions. However, prenatal genetic testing can determine much more than simply the abnormalities or negative factors. It can indicate sex, hair and eye color, temperament, strengthRead MoreThe Transformation Of War Book2165 Words   |  9 Pagescontemplate the rise of new modes of combat. ?The Changing Face of War? represents van Creveld?s second attempt to flesh out the developments in military history and the rise of unconventional methods in book-length form. II. Source Analysis Van Creveld has authored a number of major works, including 1977?s ?Supplying War,? which established his reputation for meticulous scholarship and perceptive insights. ?Command in War? detailed the evolving nature of command and remains a classic, along with ?TechnologyRead MoreMastering Graduate Studies 1e32499 Words   |  130 Pages3300 W Camelback Rd Phoenix, AZ 85017 602.639.7500 Copyright Information Grand Canyon University. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher custom textbook usage The following icons have been created to assist students’ interactive experience in usage of this textbook. These will appear across the top or bottom of every page. Table of Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

How both original and contemporary audiences might respond to the trial scene in Merchant of Venice Essay Example For Students

How both original and contemporary audiences might respond to the trial scene in Merchant of Venice Essay Shakespeare wrote the merchant of Venice in a time when Jews were seen as the most inferior to Christians this was because they were stereotyped for being money lenders and doing anything for money but most of all they were blamed for the death of Jesus. It was also said that some of their feature were to resemble that of the devil because of this an original audience would have seen the play as a comedy. A contemporary audience would have watched the play in a more serious state of mind this I because we live in a time were prejudice is seen as wrong, there also more reasons like if the Jews had not killed Jesus he would not have resurrected and the religion of Christianity might not have existed and that Jesus was a Jew himself. The merchant of Venice by Shakespeare was originally intended to be a comedy and the original Christian audience would have found Shylocks misfortunes amusing because they were waiting until the Jews was outsmarted by the Christians ,but a contemporary audience might feel sympathy towards Shylock because of the way he is treated. The original audience would have seen the trial scene as humorous because they know that Jews plan to get a pound of flesh will fail and that in the end shylock would end up getting his comeuppance. Act 4 scene1 line 84 Bassanio says for thy three ducats here is six, Shylock replies with if every ducat in six thousand ducats were in six parts, and every part a ducat, I would not draw them, I would have my bond a original audience would have been shocked by this because Jews were known for doing anything for money but shylock refused this offer and still wants his pound of flesh a contemporary audience might understand why shylock would refuse the money because of the way Antonio treated him before. In line 80, act 4, scene 1 Antonio refers to shylock having a Jewish heart when he does not show mercy, an original audience would have looked at shylock as a monster and would have understood why Antonio made that quote. A contemporary audience would have seen the comment as prejudice and would understand that shylock has reasons for not being merciful. In line 142, Act 4, Scene 1 Shylock makes a good point I stand here for law a contemporary would see this as a good point because Shylock made the contract and Antonio agreed with it, it is also a smart thing to do because he is using the Christian laws against them. An original audience would know that shylock isnt going to get away with it but also saw him as very cunning and devious when he said that quote. There is also another reference to shylock showing no mercy made by the duke in act 4, scene 1, line 8 incapable of pity, void and empty from any dram of mercy again the original audience would see more reason for hating shylock but once again the contemporary audience would see reason for his acts. When Portia is entered in to the trial disguised as a man Shylock thinks he will win the case because he thinks that she is there to defend him when she says Why this bond is forfeit, and lawfully by this Jew may claim a pound of flesh, to be by him cut off nearest the merchants heart. At this point in the play an original audience would have found this amusing because they know eventually the Jew is going to be outsmarted and that Antonio will end up being set free, but a contemporary audience would have seen this as wrong and illegal because she is posing as a man which is fraud. .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .postImageUrl , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:hover , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:visited , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:active { border:0!important; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:active , .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97 .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9d18e8b543a3510ae644d63a2a67ab97:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Romeo and Juliet by Michael Horwood EssayAfterwards Portia finds a flaw in the contract when she says this bond doth give thee here no jot of blood, the words expressly are a pound of flesh meaning that shylock can have his pound of flesh but if one drop of blood is spilt everything he owns will be confiscated. The original audience will be glad that eventually the Jew lost but the contemporary audience will think that this is wrong because the Christians used illegal methods just to set someone free. In the movie adaptation of the merchant of Venice they have given the play a serious atmosphere to make it seem as if shylock has been victimised. In the trial seen Shylock is continuously interrupted by the Christians when he is trying to make a point this makes the Christians look prejudice because it shows that they are not even bothered to listen to what shylock has say. My conclusion is that original audiences and contemporary audiences will have a difference in opinion because in the year that the play was written insulting a Jew was not seen as wrong or prejudice but a contemporary audience lives in a multicultural society where everyone is respected for their views of religion even if they are not agreed with.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

To Be American Essays - Olaudah Equiano, Belief,

To Be American What Does it Mean to be American? What does it mean to be American? What makes it American? And how does it make us American? American stands for the beliefs, the music, as well as the people that come from this great nation. The beliefs of this great nation speak every language. These beliefs stretch from the furthest reaches of Africa to the city life of New York. These beliefs are pride, freedom, and equality. American means to be proud. It means to stand up for what you believe in and to fight for it wholeheartedly. American also means to have freedom, freedoms to do what you wish, to practice your own religious ceremonies, customs, and beliefs. With these freedoms comes a responsibility, a responsibility to be accountable for your actions. Equality is the basis of American society. Before equality for all, there was slavery. With this slavery came accounts of cruelty and disillusioned violence. Without help from first hand accounts of slaves such as Frederick Douglass and Olaudah Equiano, we would have never emerged from this dark era in American history. American music is the envy of nations around the world. From Led Zeppelin to Snoop Doggy Dog, American music continues to diversify and grow. American bands develop large masses of followers in nations of all different ethnic backgrounds. From Asia to Germany, American music continues to influence the music styles of the rest of the world. Proud American men and women joined the armed forces to serve the country that they love and protect. These people show what it means to be American. Just as the colonists fought the British for Independence in April Morning, they risk their lives, for something they believe in and cherish. These same people also stand for exploration and discovery. To be American is to be many things. It means different things to different people, yet they all agree on the basic American traditions and styles. The beliefs, music, and people of a country define the essence of that nation. Creative Writing

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Vladimir Lenin And His Rise To Power Essays - Old Bolsheviks

Vladimir Lenin And His Rise To Power Essays - Old Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin and his Rise to Power Eventually, empires and nations all collapse. The end can be brought about by many causes. Whether through becoming too large for their own good, being ruled by a series of out of touch men, falling behind technologically, having too many enemies, succumbing to civil war, or a combination: no country is safe. The Russia of 1910 was in a tremendously horrible situation. She had all of these problems. Russia would not have existed by 1920 were it not for Vladimir Ilich Lenin, the only man capable of saving the failing nation. Russia in 1910 was a very backwards country. Peasants who lived in absolute poverty made up the vast majority of Russia?s population (Haney 19). Russia?s version of the feudal system had ended a mere 49 years earlier, but in effect it meant that peasants now owned the meager parcels of land upon which their survival rested. Their ruler, Czar Nicholas II, ruled aloof of his disorganized nation. His government of appointed officials and men in inherited positions did not represent the people (The Tyranny of Stupidity 120). Even though all of Europe had experienced the Industrial Revolution, Russia had precious little machinery. To obtain more advanced machines, the government traded grain to other countries in exchange for machinery, even though it meant that more people would starve (Haney 17). Compound this with the devastation and desperation brought on shortly thereafter by the First World War, and there was no confidence left in the government. Different political factions formed, and none got along (U.S.S.R. 63). Liberal constitutionalists wanted to remove the czar and form a republic; social revolutionists tried to promote a peasant revolution; Marxists promoted a revolution among the proletariat, or urban working class. The people were fed up with Russia?s state of affairs and ready for change. Change was presented in the form of Vladimir Lenin, a committed, persuasive visionary with a grand plan. Lenin became hardened in his quest at an early age when his older brother Aleksandr, a revolutionary, was executed in 1887 for plotting to kill then-Czar Alexander III. ?I?ll make them pay for this!? he said, ?I swear it!? (Haney 28) By 1888, at the age of 18, he had read Das Kapital by Karl Marx, a book about socialism and the evils of capitalism. A superb speaker, he could hold audiences at rapt attention with his powerful speeches (New Generation). People became convinced of his socialist views. He formed his own political party, the Bolsheviks, a split off of the earlier Marxists. Unlike other parties of his time, Lenin limited membership to a small number of full-time revolutionaries (Haney 41). This dedication and tight organization later proved both useful and effective. From 1897 to 1917, he traveled all over Europe writing propaganda, organizing strikes, and encouraging revolution among the working class, especially in Russia (Lenin, V.I. 191). Lenin knew what he wanted, knew how to get it, and was willing to wait. During World War I, the time was right and Lenin was the man. Czar Nicholas II remained totally focused on winning the war, and did not hesitate before committing more men and supplies to the war effort (Haney 65). But for an already starving country, every train that brought supplies to the front could not also be bringing food to peasants. With public sentiment and even the Czar?s own army against him, Nicholas abdicated the throne in March of 1917 (69). A government by soviets (councils) was instated, but did not last long. After that, Alexander Kerensky seized power. In November, Lenin and his Bolsheviks, with help from armed citizens, stopped the revolving door. They took over St. Petersburg (then Petrograd) and later captured Moscow, meeting little resiezce along the way (Jantzen 613). Lenin took over the government and signed a treaty with Germany to take Russia out of the war. Immediately thereafter, civil war broke out between the Communists, called Reds, and the anti-Communists, called Whites, who had help from Western nations (Johnson 43). This help from outside Russia actually helped Lenin, as it drove public sentiment against the Whites. Russian troops, scattered and dispirited, had just been through World War I. Somehow, though, Lenin and his good friend Leon Trotsky organized these troops

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Another meaning for Dope

Another meaning for Dope Another meaning for Dope Another meaning for Dope By Maeve Maddox This headline on Buzzfeed caused me to do a double-take: The 4 Dopest Quotes From Ruth Bader Ginsburg On Marriage  Equality Initially, I thought the article so headed would list quotations considered by the writer to be especially misguided or stupid (i.e., â€Å"dopey†). As I read further, I realized that the writer admired Associate Justice Ginsberg’s opinions as expressed in the quotations. The word dopest was intended as a compliment. The word dope has a long and checkered history in English. In its original use, dope referred to a thick liquid or semi-fluid used as an article of food or as a lubricant. The word is thought to derive from Dutch doop, â€Å"a dipping† or â€Å"a sauce.† The Dutch verb doopen means â€Å"to dip.† Other meanings related to the gooey nature of dope include or have included: A preparation, mixture, or drug which is not specifically named. A varnish applied to the cloth surface of early airplanes to strengthen and keep them taut. A substance added to gasoline or other fuel to increase its efficiency. Opium, â€Å"especially the thick treacle-like preparation used in opium-smoking.† US speakers extended this use of dope to include stupefying drugs and narcotics in general. A medical preparation given to a racehorse for the purpose of affecting its performance. Various figurative meanings have become attached to dope: Information, especially on a particular subject or of a kind not widely disseminated or easily obtained. Information, a statement, etc., designed to gloss over or disguise facts; flattering or misleading talk. Something designed to deceive or bamboozle; a fraudulent design or action; a piece of deception or humbug. A stupid person, a simpleton, a fool. Dope is also used as a verb to mean â€Å"apply or to administer dope in one of its senses.† The use of dope as an adjective entered English slang in the 1980s, by way of rap music: 1981  J. Spicer Money (song) in L. Stanley Rap: the Lyrics (1992) 301  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Yo, man, them boys is dope This record is dope.† (OED) As for the word dopest used in the quotation about Justice Ginsberg, it is a slang expression meaning, â€Å"sickest, coolest, tightest, most awesome.† It is not standard usage and does not convey a positive connotation to speakers of standard English. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Redundant Phrases to AvoidSocial vs. SocietalWhat’s the Best Way to Refer to a Romantic Partner?

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Is aspartame safe for you Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Is aspartame safe for you - Research Paper Example Aspartame’s health concerns have been an issue of debate lately and this is why it is surrounded by controversies. In this paper the impact of Aspartame will be analyzed. Researches on Aspartame have revealed more than a few negative effects of regular usage of Aspartame especially the way it affects human brain’s cellular activity. In a research it was concluded that â€Å"excessive aspartame ingestion might be involved in the pathogenesis of certain mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR 2000) and also in compromised learning and emotional functioning† (Humphries et al., 2007). It happens so because of the highly toxic derivatives created in the body after the consumption of aspartame. Once ingested, aspartame breaks down intotoxic derivatives because of the presence of 50% phenylalanine, 40% aspartic acid,10% methanol/wood alcohol in its formula which formsformaldehyde (a colorless toxin) and a carcinogen called diketopiperazine in the body. (Humphries et al., 2007) Cumulatively, these toxins are responsible for affecting neurotransmitter regulation. In some studies, aspartame was regarded as the potential prompter, encourager or aggravator of risky pregnancy and cancer. The chemicals that break down after the use of aspartame pose immense threat to the developing fetus as well as the mother because it damages brain activity and can cause birth defects, reported Dr. Russell Blaylock (Raffelock, 2010). Just one can of diet soft drink containing aspartame can cause salient health-affecting symptoms in pregnant ladies such as nausea, headaches/migraines, numbness and dizziness to name a few alongwith increasing the risk of pre-mature baby birth by 78% (Chitty, 2011). Similarly, the risk of Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and ALS (Lou Gehrig’s Disease) can also considerably increase with daily intake of aspartame. (Chitty, 2011) This happens due to the formation of excitotoxins like Domoic acid and glutamate by phenylalanine that stimulates the brain cells negatively to